申请essay写作你真的会了吗?盘点essay写作中的误区

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随着留学热潮的大涨,越来越多的国人学子选择去国外深造学术知识,美国作为当前最发达的国家之一,先进的科技技术,优秀的学术教育,以及国内对于英语的重视程度,这些都让无数留学生都愿意选择去美国高校留学深造,而对于留学生而言,essay是相当于我们国内套卷,是家常便饭的一种存在,也确实让很多留学生头疼,今天Enlunwen小编就为大家整理了一些关于essay写作的经验以及优秀essay范围分享。

  • essay的选题

在进行essay写作之前,首先我们要明白文章的研究方向是什么,根据老师列出的topic question选择要写的内容,当然有时老师并不只是给你一个问题,而是会让你在已有列表中选择案例进行分析。以topic question为例:

Please choose one of the questions listed below as your essay topic

  1. The role social media play in the democratic movement.
  2. The convergence of media in the digital age.

1)同学们先要自己选出一个topic,比如这里我们选择第一个问题:分析媒体在民主运动中的作用/角色,然后你再将问题进一步细化。如果你要写的是3000+的文章时,单纯的理论分析是很难支撑你文章长度的,所以选择一个具体的案例去分析,不仅可以让文章更直观,而且对于初学者来说更容易写出具有深度的文章,当然文章字数就更不是问题了。

2)在案例的选择上,每个人都有自己的偏好,比如很多学生愿意选择课堂上讲过的案例,因为这样更易于撰写发展。这里Academicgod代写网跟大家说说几点个人的经验。首先,案例要符合你所选的主题或论点,两者契合度越高,文章越好写,同时也易于让你的论点更具说服力。其次,你要确定能够找到足够的academic reference去支撑你的论点。如果你选了一个非常新颖或小众的案例,但却找不到足够的相关学术资料或数据支持你的论证过程,那么你的文章也会给老师一种假大空的感觉(通篇观点都缺少学术性资料的支持)。最后,案例的选择上可以适当结合一些最近的热点,国内国外都行,关键是要选择那种老师不常见的,你自己又对这个案例感兴趣的。如果已经有其他人和你选择相同理论时,你更需要考虑如何让自己的文章在众多同学的文章中脱颖而出。另外,一个有趣的案例会让你在查找阅读资料的时候轻松不少,要知道,最痛苦的不是写而是写不完又不知道该如何收尾的话题。把握以上三点,就不至于在一开始就完全没方向没思路了,而且会让你的论文有更精准的写作方向,接下来就是实践中的一些注意事项。

  • 写作的准备工作
  • 查找并阅读相关资料

查找相关资料是写作必不可少的环节,但是并不是找来资料你就能完成这一写作环节,找到资料之后还好合理安排时间去阅读他们并记录他们,通常如果我们要 写一篇2000字左右的文章,那么我们至少要读6-8篇academic articles,当然这些阅读任务并不是让你在一天之内完成,也不是说你不读完这些就不能完成文章撰写,但是如果你真的想确保自己的分数在75以上(D/HD),那么这就是一项基本要求了。

在阅读资料的时候,很多同学会有一个误区,就是认为只要自己读完了就可以,但是我们阅读的目的是可以在资料中找到关键点,要记录下其中相关的信息和论点,以便后续写作时可以运用这些,而不是一目十行的看完,什么都没记住。阅读记录是一个好习惯,特别是对于读书慢的同学,记下重点,可以避免在后续还要花费大量的时间去回顾书籍内容。而且,当你写作时,有需要引用别人观点论证的时候,清晰的记录笔记会帮你节省很多时间和精力。

当然在记笔记时,并不是随手写写的,我们最好能把分类记录,把同类观点放在一起,把不同观点分类记录,因为澳洲大学的论文都强调critical thinking(辩证的多角度论述问题),多方观点的对比论述会使得你的论文看起来更有深度,且利于展开。另外将这些的书目以及页码都详细记录在案,这样就很便于我们后续的摘录了。

当你做好以上步骤后,就要根据outline开始写作了。Outline通常包括 introduction, body, conclusion三大部分,建议大家把introduction放在最后再写。具体来说就是先写body和conclusion部分,通读全文后确定中心思想和段落结构再完成introduction部分。

introduction部分的作用是告诉读者你的文章脉络和主旨,但是我们在写作的时候往往会因为先写了introduction,可是后续却不会完全按照introduction的思路来写,这就会导致全文不连贯,而文章的连贯性是评分中很重要的一项标准,而且一般老师批改论文重点就是看introduction和conclusion。下面是一般essay的结构图,仅供参考。

Essay Structure

01、Introduction

The introduction moves from general to specific.

  • open with a short orientation (introduce the topic area(s) with a general, broad, opening sentence).
  • answer the topic question with a thesis statement.
  • provide a summary or "road map" of your essay (keep it brief, but mention all the main ideas).

02、Body

The body of your essay consists of paragraphs. Each is a building block in the construction of your argument.

The body is where you:

  • answer the question by developing a discussion.
  • show your knowledge and grasp of material you have read.
  • offer exposition and evidence to develop your argument.
  • use relevant examples and authoritative quotes.

If your question has more than one part, structure the body into sections that deal with each part of the question.

03、Conclusion

The conclusion moves from specific to general. It should:

  • restate your answer to the topic question;
  • re-summarise the main points and
  • include a final, broad statement (about possible implications, limits of this essay, future directions for research).

However, NEVER introduce new information or ideas in the conclusion - its purpose is to round off your essay by summing up.

  • 申请essay的写作方法
  • 仔细阅读说明

Essay写作说明是非常重要的,申请者如果不能仔细阅读说明,那么在写作中就很有可能会有不符合说明的地方,这样不仅会被招生官认为将来申请者被录取之后也不能守纪律,还有可能会直接被pass掉。

  • 写一个吸引人的开头

一个吸引人的开头可以牢牢锁定读者的目光,读者就会对你的文章产生兴趣,从而继续阅读,更深层次的去探索你文章的内容。而且招生官一般只会用很短的时间来看申请者的文章,所以我们的开头一定不能只是泛泛而谈。

  • 保持真实性

申请文书的真实性决定了你是否能通过的关键,大学很重视学生想法的真实,如果你在文章中不能做到写出自己的真实情况,那么其他你展示的决心或是只是储备也都会被招生官打上问号,觉得你这个人是不可信的,所以一定要真实的全面展现自己的技能和目标以及决心,这样才能够帮助你实现通过的愿望。

  • 避免陈词滥调

首先我们要知道,招生官每年都会看成千上万的申请,所以如果我们想要在众多申请者中脱颖而出,就一定要把文章中的一些陈词滥调删除,试着去找一些新颖的角度表述你的文章内容,这样才会让我们显得不一样。

  • 用充实且真实的例子支持自己的观点

你的观点肯定不能只靠你自己阐述就可以让别人信任的,不管要证明什么,肯定是需要用真实的例子去佐证你的观点的,当我们想要表达自己的想法时,也要用实际的经历去陈述事实,这样不管是你的观点还是你的想法都会得到充足的支持。

  • 整洁的排版

Essay的字数是有限制的,但是短文也必须要有清晰的思路和逻辑,在提笔之前首先列出一个清晰的提纲,把你的文章分为三部分(Introduction,body and conclusion),让你的文章让人有一目了然的感觉会更棒。

  • 找人帮忙校对

虽然我们自己也会对文章的内容进行一次次的修改,但是如果能找别人来帮助你一起校对,很可能会发现一些你自己发现不了的错误,还能够从别人的眼中发现目前的文章是否真的符合真实的你。

  • 写作误区
  • 答非所问,论点不清,论据不足

最容易出现错误的就是很多留学生会把“what?”“How”“Why”这三者搞混,我们在写作之前一定要搞清楚,你研究的问题到底是什么,还是怎么做,还是为什么,研究生essay的这种考核标准是为了找出真正适合申请者的专业,而不是要求你评判问题,所以一定要搞清楚,你要写的究竟是什么。

  • 太过术语化

很多学生喜欢在文章中用大量的专业术语去装饰自己的文章,觉得这样可以让读者了解到自己的专业知识有多强大,但实际上招生官也许两分钟就会浏览完你的文章,而且他们也不是专业的,如果你的文章专业术语过多只会让他们觉得看不懂,所以你文章的目的是让人明白你在说什么,而不是去展示你的术语掌握程度的。

  • 试图迎合

很多同学为了能顺利拿到offer,会通过各种途径去打听什么样类型的文章会受学校招生官的喜欢,实际上这种迎合看似有把握,实际上却会让你失去自我,在文章中不能体现真正的自己,要记住,虽然人都会有自己的偏爱,但是唯独创新和创意是所有人都喜欢的。

  • 文章内容消极

如果为了突出你个人的能力,而去将一些情况描述的很糟糕,这是不合理的,过于消极的描述也会让招生官对你的文章没有好感,毕竟谁都不喜欢一个总爱抱怨时事,贬低别人的人。

  • 内容浮夸

将事情或是看法夸张化是很多人都容易犯的错误,但是我们写申请essay一定要实事求是,内容必须真实无二,毕竟太过浮夸的内容是不招人喜欢的。

  • 过度渲染个人魅力

向别人展示个人魅力是无可厚非的,但是一定要掌握好这个度,如果你为了展现个人实力,总在文章中使用一些生僻词或是用过度华丽的辞藻去堆砌个人形象,那么最后只会招来别人的方案。我们的essay要做到思路清晰,逻辑严谨,而且要富有个人想法和特色,当然,语法错误这种低级错误还是要避免的,尽量让你的内容看起来真实且诚恳是最好的。

下面给大家分享一段essay范文,希望能帮助大家发现一些写作的方法和技巧。

美国研究生申请essay范文essay代写为你分享

The famous Greek mathematician archimedes once said, "give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I shall move the world." The basic principle of a lever is that as the length of a lever increases, the effort needed to be exerted to accomplish a task decreases. This fundamental law can also apply to life. Life's levers are experiences and opportunities that combine to motivate the individual to succeed. However, a lever is useless when forced upon an incorrectly placed fulcrum. Fulfilling oneself with passion and values is to build and place a strong and stable fulcrum. Without a passion for success, these opportunities and experiences become obsolete. Few fnd the correct balance between these variables and thus fail to reach their full potential. I, however, plan to be someone who finds that balance.

In an effort to build a successful lever for myself, I have searched for these experiences and opportunities all of my life. I have always had a passion for learning and a natural drive to succeed. At the beginning of my sophomore year in high school, I began to volunteer at a local, family owned zoo. This idea came from an innate passion for animals and an ongoing interest in science. At first, it was simply to complete a community service graduation requirement, but soon thereafter, I realized it was so much more. Work there was not like what most zoo volunteers experience. When other volunteers were following zookeepers and watching animals through cages at larger commercial zoos, I was spending nights "monkeysitting" my supervisor's newborn Japanese snow macaque. However, calling it work solely alludes to labor. It was more of a life-altering, unique opportunity and provided me with the experience that clenched my decision to major in animal science.

Along with my passion for animals, I am also always looking for ways to challenge myself intellectually. I am an active member of my school's Envirothon and Math teams and a Science Olympiad competitor. After high school, it has always been a goal of mine to attend an academically competitive university. A few years of researching brought me to Cornell's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS). After attending the CALS open house and information lecture on the animal science department, I knew it was the perfect ft. One of the reoccurring themes of my conversations with students and professors alike was CALS dedication to shaping students into leaders.

With the experience I have gained in working at the zoo, I see myself emerging as a natural leader. Leaders are those few who do manage to balance the use of their "lever and fulcrum." In high school, I also have worked my way to positions such as; nHS President, Steel Drums Ensemble President, and Student representative to the School Board.www.liuxue.la Leadership roles like these are not something I plan to make the past after high school. In a school like CALS that has so many extracurricular activities to get involved in, I am sure obtaining positions similar to the ones I hold now would not be difficult. One of the clubs that I have seriously explored is the Pre-vet Society. veterinary School is something that I plan to pursue after college and hope to get involved in at the undergraduate level.

The building of a successful lever has only just begun for me. There is still so much that I have not seen or done. Life is full of opportunities that can lead to great experiences, one of my greatest being volunteering at the Woodland Zoo. With all of the opportunities CALS has to offer, if given the chance to attend, I am certain that I would utilize every one; becoming not only an active member of the university, but a leader of tomorrow.

 

 

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