assignment 代写 权威的父母
Parents with high expectations particularly and high responsiveness to their children are defined as authoritative parents(Pratt ,1999).While parents with high expectations but with no responsiveness are defined as authoritarian parents, third category include the parents who have low expectation level from their children and are not responsive are classified to be permissive parents .Last category include parents who are low in both dimensions(expectations and responsiveness) are considered neglectful or uninvolved (Pratt ,1999). This final category is generally considered to be an absence of parenting rather than an implemented “parenting style” and was not considered in the present study on parenting styles.
Contemporary research on parenting styles derives from Baumrind’s (1978) well-known studies of children and their families. Baumrind’s concepts of parenting style are based on a typological approach to the study of family socialization practices. (Darling & Steinberg, 1993).This approach focuses on the configuration of different parenting practices and assumes that the impact of any one practice depends, in part, on the arrangement of all other domains. (Darling & Steinberg, 1993). Variations in the application of major parenting elements (such as warmth, involvement, maturity demands, and supervision) produce variations in child responsiveness to parental influence. (Darling & Steinberg, 1993). As from this perspective, parenting style is viewed as basic characteristic of the parents that alters the effectiveness of family socialization practices and the child’s understanding of such practices (Darling & Steinberg, 1993). Baumrind’s (1971) parenting style typology identified three qualitatively different patterns of parental authority-authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive.