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Psychology Essay 代写 : 明确弗洛伊德理论基本原理

Psychology Essay 代写 : 明确弗洛伊德理论基本原理

这是关于某些条款的含义,你可能会遇到在施舍你会发现脚注澄清某些条款很重要。首先,关于精神分析和心理动力学的术语词。精神分析是指佛洛伊德的原始尝试提供一个全面的理论的头脑,也到相关的治疗。该术语包括弗洛伊德理论和治疗。你也会遇到长期的心理动力学。这个术语是用来表示的方法,开始与精神分析,但现在扩大到一个更多样化的集合,由其他心理学家开发的理论和模型,所有这些都保留了一些佛洛伊德的原创理论的主要思想。
西格蒙德·弗洛伊德1856出生在摩拉维亚,当时的奥地利帝国的一部分,现在在捷克共和国。他一生中大部分时间都在维也纳度过,从他在1937岁时就逃离的地方,当纳粹分子入侵的时候。无论是佛洛伊德(犹太)或他的理论是非常受欢迎的纳粹和他逃到伦敦,他在1939死了。
他想成为一个科学家,但反犹主义迫使他选择了医疗事业,他在维也纳工作,作为一名医生,专门从事神经系统疾病(神经系统疾病)。他不断修正和改进他的理论,直到他的死亡,但他的许多精神分析理论在1900和1930之间产生。
佛洛伊德最初试图解释大脑在生理学和神经学方面的运作……(但)…很早就在他的治疗神经系统疾病,佛洛伊德意识到症状,无有机或身体的基础上可以模仿真实的东西,他们的病人,如果他们已经神经引起的房。于是他开始寻找这些症状的心理解释和治疗这些症状的方法。
1885他花了一年时间在巴黎的神经学家Charcot学习催眠;然后他开始用催眠他的病人在维也纳。然而,他发现只是暂时的最好,它通常不能从根本上解决问题的作用;也能被催眠的人。同时布鲁尔,另一个维也纳医生,正在治疗他称为宣泄法的另一种方法,患者将他们的问题说出来。佛洛伊德采用了布鲁尔的方法,称之为自由联想,成为精神分析学的三大基本工具之一。

 

Psychology Essay 代写 : 明确弗洛伊德理论基本原理

it is important to be clear about the meanings of certain terms that you may come across and throughout the handout you will find footnotes clarifying certain terms. Firstly though, a word about the terms psychoanalysis and psychodynamics. Psychoanalysis refers to both Freud’s original attempt at providing a comprehensive theory of the mind and also to the associated treatment. The term encompasses both Freudian theory and therapy. You will also come across the term psychodynamics. This term is used to denote the approach which began with psychoanalysis but which has now broadened into a much more diverse collection of theories and models developed by other psychologists, all of which nevertheless retain some of the main ideas of Freud’s original theory.

Sigmund Freud was born in 1856 in Moravia, which was then part of the Austrian Empire and is now in the Czech Republic. He spent most of his life in Vienna, from where he fled, in 1937, when the Nazis invaded. Neither Freud (being Jewish) or his theories were very popular with the Nazis and he escaped to London where he died in 1939.

He had wanted to be a research scientist but anti-Semitism forced him to choose a medical career instead and he worked in Vienna as a doctor, specialising in neurological disorders (disorders of the nervous system). He constantly revised and modified his theories right up until his death but much of his psychoanalytic theory was produced between 1900 and 1930.

Freud originally attempted to explain the workings of the mind in terms of physiology and neurology …(but)… quite early on in his treatment of patients with neurological disorders, Freud realised that symptoms which had no organic or bodily basis could imitate the real thing and that they were as real for the patient as if they had been neurologically caused. So he began to search for psychological explanations of these symptoms and ways of treating them.

In 1885 he spent a year in Paris learning hypnosis from the neurologist Charcot; he then started using hypnosis with his patients in Vienna. However, he found its effects to be only temporary at best and it did not usually get to the root of the problem; nor was everybody capable of being hypnotised. Meanwhile Breuer, another Viennese doctor, was developing another method of therapy which he called the cathartic method, where patients would talk out their problems. Freud adopted Breuer’s method and called it free association which became one of the three fundamental tools of psychoanalysis.

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