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英国伯明翰大学论文代写:欧洲文明

中世纪欧洲文明的发展和进步,很大程度上是由于商人阶级的兴起。他们雄心勃勃,努力工作,为现代社会铺平了道路。在他们的领导下,欧洲享有自罗马帝国以来不为人知的繁荣。当欧洲从中世纪开始崛起的时候,它在大学、文学、艺术、学习、科学和技术上都达到了一种成熟的水平,这在世界上是无与伦比的。在租户耕种方面取得了重大进展,把马用于犁耕、制衣、铁工、造船和航海。如果不与当时的商人用来管理他的业务、观察和测量经济波动的知识工具相结合,这种技术进步就不会有多大的成就。贸易的世界必须完善各种制度:从处理城镇以外的商品和服务的汇率,甚至是国家,建立信用程序,与时代保持一致的法律依据,以及监测和平衡账目的方法。所有这些最终都成为我们现代经济关系体系的基础。尽管在历史上它常常被忽略,但中世纪见证了欧洲一种新的文化体验的诞生,这最终导致了文艺复兴。中世纪的文化遗产在建筑学、艺术、教育、科学和技术上仍然很明显,它们经受住了时间的考验。

英国伯明翰大学论文代写:欧洲文明

The growth and progress of the European civilization in the middle ages was largely due to the rise of the merchant class. With their ambition and hard work, they paved the way for modern times. Under their leadership, Europe enjoyed a prosperity not known since the Roman Empire. When Europe emerged from the Middle Ages, it had attained a level of sophistication in its universities, literature, art, learning, science and technology, that were unmatched in the world. Significant advances were made in the areas of tenant farming, harnessing the horse to the plough, cloth making, iron working, ship building and navigation. This technical progress would not have amounted to much if it had not been coupled with the intellectual tools that the businessmen of that time used to manage his business and observe and measure fluctuations in the economy. The world of trade had to perfect various systems: from dealing with rates of exchange for goods and services outside their towns or even countries, establishing credit procedures, legal bases in keeping with the times, and methods for monitoring and balancing their accounts. All of these eventually became the foundation for our modern system of economic relations. Although it is often ignored in history, the Middle Ages saw the birth of a new cultural experience in Europe, which eventually led to the Renaissance. The cultural heritage of the Middle Ages is still apparent in architecture, art, education, science and technology, that have survived the test of time.

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