Lauterbach’s 2002 study found that although college students’ drug use differs by gender, there is a significant increase in drug use as more traumatic events were experienced. This study also found an association between heavy drinking and psychoticism. Drug use and addiction can become a limiting factor in academic achievement. Addiction can destroy a person’s savings and make higher education inaccessible to them. If a traumatized individual starts drug use in adolescence, it can interfere with identity development and cause them to further isolate themselves. If they get into trouble with the law they may not be able to finish high school when they typically would have or not be able to start college while incarcerated. This creates a series of limiting forces that stop victims from reaching their full potential in addition to the initial limitations put on them by past trauma.Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a complicated illness with many variable symptoms, which are not universal to all afflicted. It is easy for trauma symptoms to be over looked by family and peers especially if the trauma survivor is a teenager as any emotional distress can be dismissed as hormones or immaturity. The lack of research into life outcomes for trauma survivors may mean we are underestimating its impact. It is important that parents and teachers become informed about trauma symptomatology, so that they can notice the signs and provide support. Untreated trauma will seriously limit an individual’s potential and life satisfaction. It can lead to avoidance of challenging and potentially rewarding experiences. The inability to move on from past events can stop any growth for individuals. It can isolate them and compound any other issues they may have. Each study cited further shows the long term impacts of trauma and its limiting effects on development. It is important that we consider PTSD as a contributing factor limiting upward mobility in our society.