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英国历史学论文代写:外国人法

在英国近代史上,难民具有重要意义的第一个重要时期是大约从1880年到1951年《难民公约》开始生效的这几年。在此期间,目睹了两次世界大战所引起的两次最大规模的人口突然流动,英国发现自己面临着一个新的问题,在人道主义方面以及在政治可行性方面都是敏感和困难的。英国关于难民问题的第一项主要立法是1905年的《外国人法》。在此之前,有一系列的法令试图对入境的外国人实行某种管制制度。大多数情况下,这些要求在港船只的船长报告他们所载的外国外国人,并要求所有入境的外国人在抵达时向国务卿报告。然而,1905年的法案引入了第一个全面登记和移民控制系统。该法案将此类事务的控制权牢牢地交给了内政大臣。这项新立法最引人注目的方面是,它首次赋予内政大臣驱逐他认为是罪犯或贫民的外国人的权力。第一类是可以理解的,但21世纪的标准甚至可以接受;第二个不是。第二项主要立法是1914年颁布的《外国人注册法》。这对有关移民的资料的准确性产生了更切实的影响,因为它规定所有16岁以上的移民必须向警察登记。这些移民被要求向警方提供他们的姓名、地址、职业和种族的详细资料。如上述资料有任何更改,移民必须登记。还有注册费。尽管这项立法看起来对移民相对有利,但现实情况有所不同。这主要是由于《外国人法》执行不力。正如Winder所说,很快就可以看出这个计划是“笨拙和不可行的”。[2]那么,这就是第一次世界大战爆发时实行的立法。

英国历史学论文代写:外国人法

The first significant period of modern British history in which refugees became significant is that covering the years, roughly, from 1880 until the inception of the Refugee Convention in 1951. During this period, which witnessed the two largest sudden occurrences of mass-population movement occasioned by the two World Wars, Britain found herself facing a new problem, sensitive and difficult both in humanitarian terms, and also political feasibility. The first major piece of British legislation which considered the issue of refugees was the Aliens Act 1905. Prior to this, there had been a series of Acts which sought to impose some sort of system of regulation of arriving aliens. Mostly, these required masters of in-bound ships to make reports of foreign aliens that they were carrying, and obliged all in-coming aliens to report to the Secretary of State upon arrival. The 1905 Act, however, introduced the first system of comprehensive registration and immigration control. The Act placed control of such matters firmly with the Home Secretary. The most striking aspect of this new legislation was that it offered, for the first time, the Home Secretary the power to deport aliens whom he believed to be either criminals or paupers. The first category is understandable and, but 21st century standards even acceptable; the second is not.The second major piece of legislation followed in 1914, with the Aliens Registration Act. This had more tangible effects on the accuracy of information relating to immigrants, as it made it compulsory for all immigrants over the age of 16 to register with the police. The immigrants were required to give detailed information to the police of their names, addresses, occupations and race. If any such particulars changed, immigrants were required to register such changes. There was also a registration fee. Although the legislation looks to be relatively favourable to immigrants, the reality was somewhat different. This was largely due to the fact that the Aliens Act was weakly enforced. As Winder states, it soon became obvious that the scheme was ‘clumsy and unworkable’.[2] This, then, was the legislation that was in place when the Great War broke out.

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