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英国留学生作业代写:资本主义生产方式转变

根本的矛盾也会导致向资本主义主导的生产方式的转变。马克思揭示了“社会化生产与资本主义侵占”之间的根本矛盾(第709页)。随着资本主义市场的发展,资本家将通过增加对劳动者的剥削来追求利润和生产力。资本家将采取具体措施提高生产力,降低生产成本。资本家致力于把生产方式转变为社会化生产,从而提高生产力和利润。这种新的生产方式以资本家为主导,利用社会化生产的力量来追求利润。马克思、恩格斯在批判资本主义的同时,也把矛头指向了资本主义社会中的婚姻、宗教等制度。马克思和恩格斯认为,这些制度本质上是剥削性和压迫性的,它们有助于规范和维持个人占有和剥削的做法。具体地说,马克思和恩格斯认为,婚姻等制度已经转变为使私有制制度化的特殊工具。例如,在资本主义社会,婚姻把男人拥有妻子定义为财产。同样,宗教等机构也有助于推进和制度化私有制和个人占有的思想。马克思、恩格斯通过对资本主义制度的批判,主要是把资本主义生产方式描述为一种影响各种制度形成的塑造力量,使个人占有和私有制正当化、制度化。

英国留学生作业代写:资本主义生产方式转变

The fundamental contradiction can also lead to a shift toward a capitalist-dominated mode of production. Marx reveals that there is a fundamental contradiction between “socialized production and capitalist appropriation” (p. 709). With the development of capitalist markets, capitalists will be dominated by the pursuit of profits and productivity through increasing their exploitation of laborers. Specific efforts will be introduced by the capitalists to increase the productivity and reduce the costs of production. The capitalists are devoted to transforming the mode of production into socialized production that can lead to an increased productivity and profit. The new mode of production features a domination of capitalists in tapping into the power of socialized production in pursuing their profits. In criticizing capitalism, Marx and Engels also target institutions such as marriage and religion in the capitalist society. Marx and Engels believe that these institutions are inherently exploitative and oppressive, which serve to normalize and maintain practices of individual appropriation and exploitation. Specifically, Marx and Engels thinks that institutions such as marriage have been transformed into particular tools that institutionalize private ownership. For instance, marriage defines that men owns their wives as properties in the capitalist society. Similarly, institutions like religion also serve to advance and institutionalize ideas of private ownership and individual appropriation. Through attacking capitalist institutions, Marx and Engels mainly aim at depicting the capitalist mode of production as the shaping power that affects the formation of various institutions in justifying and institutionalizing individual appropriation and private ownership.

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