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英国萨里论文代写:法国的债务问题

为了解决法国的债务问题,路易十六转向“第三产业”,这是该国大部分收入的来源。旧政权被划分为三个阶层。第一个是神职人员,第二个是贵族,第三个是平民,由2500万人组成。由于这种社会结构是基于习俗和传统,它造成了法律上的不平等(Keris)。例如,虽然第三产业形成了80%的法国人,包括拥有25%土地的资产阶级,但他们只在房地产大会上进行了一次投票(这是三个阶层的一次全体会议)。(第四单元:法国大革命和拿破仑)。与其他两个地产相比,这通常是不公平的。第一产业在法国拥有10%到15%的土地,并且不断地收到tithe,而且没有纳税。第二产业拥有30%的土地,他们通常从居住在他们土地上的农民那里得到他们的财富。然而,贫穷的第三阶层的人民用他们微薄的收入生活和纳税给教会、君主和地主(Keris)。与第一和第二产业相比,第三产业的人对不平等的特权、沉重的税收和在地产上将投票权的不平等极为不满。

英国萨里论文代写:法国的债务问题

To resolve the debt problems in France became a critical issue, so Louis XVI turned toward the “Third Estate” that generated most of the country’s income. The Old Regime was divided into three Estates. The First was composed of clergy, the Second of the nobility and the Third of the commoners, which comprised of 25 million people. Because this social structure was based on customs and traditions, it created inequalities in law (Keris). For instance, although the Third Estate formed 80 percent of the French population, including the bourgeoisie who owned 25 percent of the land, they only held one vote in the Estate General (a general meeting of the three Estates). (Unit 4: French Revolution & Napoleon). Compared to the other two Estates, this was generally not fair. The First Estate owned ten to fifteen percent of land in France and constantly received tithe and did not pay taxes. The Second Estate owned thirty percent of the land and they usually get their wealth from rents from the peasants who lived on their land. However, the people of the poor Third Estate used their little income to live and pay taxes to the Church, monarchy and landowners (Keris). Compared to the First and Second Estates, the people of the Third Estate were extremely unsatisfied with unequal privileges, heavy taxes, and inequality on voting rights in the Estate General.

英国萨里论文代写:法国的债务问题

 

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