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英国社会学论文代写:强调社会

社群主义所提倡的(保守主义所缺乏的)是开放的话语和对社会责任的强调(自由主义所缺乏的)。强调社会对个人的重要性的一种方式是承认个人对其社会的作用。对社群主义者来说,“个人自由的维护有赖于公民社会制度的积极维护,在公民社会中,公民学会尊重他人和自尊。”这种尊重会导致“对自己和他人权利的欣赏”。个人也将获得公民责任和发展“自治技能”,以及“管理自己的习惯,并学会服务他人——而不仅仅是自己。”“政府也将”有义务——包括对其成员负责,促进社会和政治生活的参与和审议。“从某种意义上说,社群主义的观点”要求人们关注当代政策辩论中经常被忽视的东西:人性的社会方面。“这一社会层面表明,个人和政府都对彼此负有责任。它不仅假定个人权利是重要的,因为正如Scruton所指出的,“通过扩大一个人周围的空间,它减少了他的邻居所享有的空间。”“可以看出,社群主义比传统的保守思想走得更远;它强调人的社会方面和人们想要什么。它还批判了自由主义的狭隘性,仅仅假设只有个体的物质,政府只是为了保护它不受不公正的待遇。然而,这不仅仅是一条单行道;每个人都有权利和责任,这一点很重要。关注个人自由,但这种自由是与社会一起实现的,而不是因为自由主义提倡只关注一个人。

英国社会学论文代写:强调社会

What communitarianism advocates (and conservatism lacks), is open discourse and an emphasis on social responsibility (which liberalism lacks). One way of emphasizing the importance of society for individuals is through the recognition of individuals’ roles towards their society. For communitarians, the “preservation of individual liberty depends on the active maintenance of the institutions of civil society where citizens learn respect for others as well as self-respect.”This respect would lead to an “appreciation of our own rights and the rights of others.” Individuals will also obtain civic responsibilities and the development of “self-government skills,” as well as “the habit of governing ourselves, and learn to serve others– not just self.” Governments, too, will “have obligations–including the duty to be responsive to their members and to foster participation and deliberation in social and political life.” The communitarian perspective, in a sense, “mandates attention to what is often ignored in contemporary policy debates: the social side of human nature.” This social side shows how individuals and governments both have responsibilities towards each other. It does not only assume that individual rights are important, because as Scruton points out, “”by enlarging the space around one person it diminishes the space enjoyed by his neighbor.” It can be seen that communitarianism goes further than the conservative idea of following traditions; it emphasizes on the social aspect of the people and what the people want. It also criticizes the narrowness of liberalism by just assuming that only the individual matter and that the government is there to protect it from injustice only. However, it is not only a one way street; individuals have rights and responsibilities, which is important to realize. A focus is made on individual liberty, but that liberty is achieved with the society, not as liberalism promotes it of being just a focus on one individual.

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