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英国政治学essay代写:贪污

过去数年,贪污已成为一个备受争议的概念,因为在不同的组成部分和广泛的内涵之间有相当多的重叠,以达成一个单一的定义;此外,对情况和行为的不同理解和理解也影响了腐败的概念。各国对腐败的理解保证了没有任何一个国家能平等地接受腐败的定义。因此,这篇文章同意透明国际(TI)对腐败的定义,因为它是一个国际组织,可以接触到世界上大多数国家,并保持公正的表现。(透明国际)将贪污定义为“滥用委托权力以牟取私利”。为了解贪污的含意,有必要参考一些学者对贪污的不同定义。每一种腐败都有其不同的根源和特点,因此需要不同的策略来应对,需要不同的严厉程度来惩罚。腐败行为被定义为“黑色、灰色和白色”的“黑色腐败:表明精英和大众舆论的多数共识中的某些行为将受到谴责,并希望将惩罚视为原则问题。灰色腐败:表明某些因素,通常精英可能希望看到的行动惩罚,其他不。大多数人可能是矛盾的。白色腐败:意味着大多数精英和大众舆论可能不会支持惩罚一种他们认为可以容忍的腐败形式,因为这种腐败意味着对价值观的更少依恋。

英国政治学essay代写:贪污

Corruption in the last few years has become a contested concept due to the considerable overlap between various components and wide connotations to agree on a single definition; additionally, different perceptions and understanding of situations and behaviours have influenced the concept of corruption.The understanding of corruption among nations guarantees that no definition of corruption will be equally accepted in every nation. Therefore, this essay agrees with the definition of corruption presented by Transparency International (TI) because it is an international organization that reaches most of the countries in the world and maintains an unbiased performance. (TI) defines corruption as “the abuse of entrusted power for private gain” In order to understand the implications of corruption, it is necessary to bear in mind the different types of corruption that have been considered by some authors. Each type of corruption has different origins and characteristics and therefore, they require diverse strategies to tackle it and different degrees of severity to punish it. Corrupt behaviour was coded in terms of black, grey and white “Black Corruption: indicates that certain actions in a majority consensus of elites and mass opinion would condemn and would want to see punished as a matter of principle. Grey Corruption: indicates that some elements, usually elites may want to see the action punished, others not. And the majority may well be ambivalent. White Corruption: signifies that the majority of both elite and mass opinion probably would not support an attempt to punish a form of corruption that they regarded as tolerable which implies less attachment to the values”.

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