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Politics Essay 代写:罗尔斯正义原则分析

 Politics Essay 代写:罗尔斯正义原则分析

正义作为法律与道德之间的平衡,是用来创造和促进社会和谐的。正义的概念可以根据不同的理论在许多方面被定义。在罗尔斯的理论中,公正被定义为公平,每个人都应该得到和别人一样的成功的机会。

在本文中,我们希望有一个密切关注罗尔斯的概念以及正义的两个原则。在他的理论基础上,从社会公正的角度出发,对资本主义和社会主义进行了分析。通过进一步的比较,我们的目标是找出哪个模型最接近罗尔斯的正义原则。

罗尔斯通过一个被称为“原始位置”的人工装置发展了他的正义原则。在这个位置上,每个人都是自我感兴趣的,理性的,站在“无知的面纱”后面。由于个人的不同看法和选择的好,干的社会阶层,是社会不公正的主要原因。“面纱”的目的是让人们远离自己的所有信息,包括我们的性别,种族,社会阶层,一代人等等。然而,我们确实有人的自然、历史、社会学和心理学的一般概念。在无知的面纱后,我们将选择对所有公平的原则,以客观公正的方式来判断。这将确保任何规则的选择,他们将同样适用于每一个社会成员。

在原来的位置上的人的动机是“自利”,即质量的每一个动机是行动的一个开明的和明智的方式,这似乎是最有利于自己。此外,在原来的位置上,个人有望以理性的方式行事。这意味着他有一种自尊感,他选择和感觉良好的意志不会被别人支配。人们被认为是采取有效和有效的手段来实现所需的目的。正如在原来的立场提出的,没有人被允许以牺牲他人的利益为自己谋取利益。

 Politics Essay 代写:罗尔斯正义原则分析

Justice as a concept balanced between law and morality, which is used to create and promote social harmony. The concept of justice can be defined in many ways according to different theories. In Rawls’ theory, just is defined as fairness, in which every individual deserves the same opportunities to succeed as others.

In this paper, we would like to have a close look at Rawls’ concept as well as two principles of justice. Based on his theory, an analysis of capitalism and socialism in terms of social justice is developed. Through further comparison, we aim to find out which model most closely approximates Rawls’ principles of justice.

Rawls develops his principles of Justice through an artificial device called “original position”. In this position, everyone is self-interested, rational and stands behind the “Veil of Ignorance”. Since individuals’ different perceptions and choices of good, which stem from the social stratifications, is one of the major causes of social injustice. The “veil” is designed to keep people away from all information about themselves, including our sex, race, social class, generation and so on. However, we do have a general idea of human nature, history, sociology as well as psychology. Behind the veil of ignorance, we are expected to select principles which are fair to all and to judge in an objective and impartial way. This ensures that whatever the rules are chosen, they will be applied equally to every social member.

People in the original position are motivated by the quality of “self-interestedness”, i.e., every one is motivated to act in an enlightened and informed way, which seems most advantageous to himself. In addition, in the original position, the individual is expected to act in a rational way. This means he has a sense of self-respect and his choice and perception of good will not be dictated by others. People are assumed to take efficient and effective means to realized desired ends. As proposed in the original position, no one is allowed to seek benefits for one’s own at the expense of others’ interests.

 

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