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英语论文范文 公共演讲的好处 benefits of public speaking

Public speaking is bothinteresting and challenging. It is interesting because it asks you to come to abetter understanding of human nature and human communication. It is challengingbecause it asks you to take a risk, to put yourself in a situation where youcan succeed or fail in your effort to make a difference. As you go further,however, you will find more benefits of public speaking go beyond learning howto express yourself orally. The process of your speaking improves suchpractical skills as the following:

 公众演讲既有趣也有挑战性。有趣是因为它要求你去更好地理解人的本质与人与人之间的沟通。它具有挑战性是因为它要求你承担风险,要把自己置身于经过你的努力既可能成功也可能失败的情况下。但是,如果你进行得更深入,你会发现公众演讲更有益于学习如何用口头表达自己。你的演讲过程提高了以下的一些技能如实践技能:

1. Organizational Skills

组织能力

The ability to organize ideas isa skill you will employ before you ever write a speech. As you practice, youwill also discover that the organizational skills are so essential in composingspeeches because it requires your skills of outlining, planning, organizing andpresenting your ideas logically.

 组织能力是在写演讲稿之前就会使用的一种技能。在你练习的时候,你也会发现组织能力对于演讲是如此重要,因为它需要概述,规划,组织,有逻辑的表达自己的能力。

2. Writing Skills

写作能力

Many of the skills you use tocompose good speeches are the same as those you need to write well. Thepractice you gain preparing speeches will improve your ability to express yourideas on paper. You will learn how to get your audience’s attention, how toorganize your ideas clearly, and how to find more evidences to support your ideas.These skills will be beneficial to your writing.

 许多用于撰写演讲的技巧和写好作文的技巧是一样的。在准备演讲前的练习会提高你在纸上的表达能力。你会学会如何获取听众的注意力,如何清楚地组织你的想法,如何找到更多的证据来支持你的观点。这些技巧将有助于你的写作。

3. Critical Thinking

批判思考能力

As we know, it’s important to guidestudents to think and to analyze. Public speaking skills and related listeningskills provide valuable tools for the critical analysis of ideas. By studyingthe use of supportive materials and persuasive strategies, you’ll learn how tofind an argument’s weak points and learn to ask questions, which needs greatcritical thinking.

我们都知道引导学生思考和分析是很重要的。公众演讲技巧及相关听的技巧对批判性分析想法提供了有价值的工具。通过学习支持资料和有说服力策略的使用,您将学习如何找到论据的薄弱点,学会问问题,这需要很强的批判性思维。

4. Research Skills

调查能力

Often, when students are asked toprepare a report, they go to the library or search the Internet to look for thereference books or articles they need. You will get into contact with a varietyof research materials and select something most valuable to you.

通常,当学生被要求准备一份报告的时候,他们会去去图书馆或上网找他们需要的参考书或文章。你将接触到各种研究材料并找到一些对你最宝贵的东西。

5. Listening Skills

聆听技巧

Speaking and listening go hand inhand. Whenever someone gives a speech, there is an audience to listen to it. Bylearning good speaking techniques, you’ll prepare speeches within audience’sunderstanding. You will also learn how to listen to other speakers in order tohear all the key points.

 听说齐头并进。每当有人演讲时,都有观众在听。通过学习良好的演讲技巧,你会准备在听众理解范围之内的演讲。为了听得到所有的重点您还将学习如何倾听他人的演讲。

6. Strain Capacity

应变能力

Giving a speech to a group ofpeople involves a great deal of risk. However, it is true that by learning howto give a speech in front of a group, your self-confidence will grow, which helpsyou to confident enough to communicate with others and adapt to differentsituations. To a large extent, success in life depends on your ability to adaptto your environment and feel good about yourself.

给一群人做演讲涉及的风险很大。但是,这是真的,通过学习如何给在人群前演讲,你的自信心就会增强,这有助于你有足够的信心与他人沟通,适应不同的情况。在很大程度上,生活中的成功取决于你对环境的适应能力以及自我感觉良好程度上。
 

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